Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神) is the Earth Deity worshipped by Chinese folks. In China and Taiwan, he is addressed as Tu Di Gong (土地公) or Tu Di Shen (土地神）. In South East Asia, he is often called Da Bo Gong (大伯公) - The Great Grand Uncle. In Indonesia, he is known as Dewa Bumi. In Ryukyu - Japan (日本琉球), he is known as 土帝君(トゥティークー).
In ancient time, Chinese Folks pray to Earth God for the abundance of crops, grains , healthy livestocks etc. In this modern era, Earth God is prayed for prosperity, wealth ,safety and happiness. Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神) is also revered as one of the Chinese Gods Of Wealth. He can even be sought after to Win The Lottery / 4D, if You know the way.
Within the celestial pantheon, Tu Di Gong occupies a unique position, as he is at the same time the lowest ranking official in the bureaucracy, yet also the most commonly worshiped deity. Almost every homes of the Chinese Folks in South East Asia, has an altar of Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神) in the main hall / living room.
Today, many Chinese Young Adults still pray to him but without knowing the origin, the legends , the way to pray , and the power of him. This is the article to share with You the knowledge and information of Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神).
The Talisman Of Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神)
While You have been praying to Your Tua Pek Kong at home for many years and have not been Striking The Lottery (4D / Toto) You may need this Talisman.
The Talisman Of Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神) is drawn and then empowered with the secret "hand seal" of invoking Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神), while chanting the sorcery incantation of welcoming Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神).
The Talisman Of Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神), is to be placed on the wall of the altar of Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神). It can use to spiritually activate the altar of Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神), if the Statue / Figurine is not consecrated (Light Opening - 开光) . This talisman can also be kept inside the wallet / purse / bag.
Note: " Protection All In One" Talisman can be used to activate /empower the altar of different deities, including altar of Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神). Talisman of Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神) can only be used to activate / empower the altar of Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神)
Paper Talismans of Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神) are also being burnt with Chinese Joss Papers, during Zuo Ya (作牙) - ( means prayers of every 2nd & 16th Day Of Every Chinese Lunar Month for wealth / business success by the bosses) and also being burnt on the important celebration days of revering Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神).
To seek lottery numbers ,such as 4D, You can tie the Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神) Talisman on a cup, filled with numbers (0 to 9), and use the "Shake Cup" Method to seek 4D Numbers. If the Talisman is placed on the altar, You shall face the Tua Pek Kong Altar and apply the "Shake Cup" Method to seek 4D Numbers. When You seek 4D Numbers, You must always light up incense sticks / cones.
Ancient Historical Records of worshiping the Earth Deity / Spirit
According to Ancient Books of Kan-Yu (Feng Shui), there existed ceremonial rites of worshiping the earth and village. Because the Earth carries and gives birth to everything, on which the five cereals grow to feed the people, therefore, the Chinese since ancient time have been honouring the heaven and respecting the earth.
In the Unofficial Commentaries on the Book of Rites (礼记外传),wrote "a country takes the people to be its foundation, and the masses regard food as their heaven. So when the emperor founds the country and governs the people, he commands to first set up the altar of the soil. Due to the wide earth and rich cereal crops and the impossibility to worship every inch of the earth, altars are set up to worship the Earth in countries and cities".
The section of "Sacrificial Rites" of the Book of Rites (礼记.祭法) has a commentary which says, "people from superior officials down, including scholar-officials and commoners, lived in groups. A village was established where there were more than 100 families, will set up a shrine to worship the Earth".
The section "Records of the Five Agents" （汉书·五行志） of the History of the Han Dynasty says, "25 families composed a village". The ancient Chinese with the understanding of "the Earth is so wide that it is impossible to worship all over it, so the soil was piled up into an altar in order to repay its contribution". Therefore, when a shrine was built in a village to worship the earth god, it is also known as village god.
According to Ancient Books of Kan-Yu (Feng Shui), the Village Spirit was at the beginning, nameless. After the Eastern Jin Dynasty (东晋), charitable and upright officials were taken to be the Earth Spirit among the people, therefore the spirit was personalized and named.
Taoist Scripture records of worshiping the Earth Spirit / Deity
The section "On Village Spirits" of "The Book of Major Daoist Numinous Spirits and Ghosts" quoted Laozi's Catalogue of Ghosts and Spirits of Heaven and Earth (老子天地鬼神目录), saying, "the Village Spirit of the capital was an upright subject of Heaven. It was Yin (阴) on the left side and Yang (阳) on the right side, and named Huang Chong (黄崇). It was a native of Li Yang (历阳), Jiu Jiang (九江) of Yang Zhou (杨州).
Ranked as Zhi Wan Shi (秩万石), he governs the great divinities of famous mountains on Earth under Heaven, and all the other Village Spirits serve him as his subject". After the Ming and Qing dynasties, celebrities were often taken to be the local Earth Spirit among the people. For example, it is said that the Earth Spirit worshiped by the Imperial Academy and by the Ministry of Civil Personnel in the Qing dynasty was Han Yu(韩愈), a great literati of the Tang dynasty. The area around the Imperial College in Hangzhou was the hometown of Yue Fei (岳飞), so the Imperial College venerated Yue Fei as the Earth Spirit. Today the Earth Granny is often worshiped as a supplement in the temples of the Earth Spirit. This custom originated around the Southern Song dynasty.
Earth Deity became a Minor Deity in the ranks of Taoist Gods
According to Ancient Books of Kan-Yu (Feng Shui), after the Eastern Jin Dynasty (东晋), with the gradual perfection of the bureaucratic system from the central authorities to the basic level in feudal countries, the Earth Deity, which is only able to govern the native soil, gradually evolved into a minor deity of the lowest rank among Taoist Deities.
The very 1st record that a human died and raised to the level of Earth Deity
Throughout thousands of years , during different dynasties and in different parts of China, there were many good men of virtues who passed on and being worshiped by Chinese Folks as God Of Earth. The very 1st person whom was revered as Gods Of Earth was Jiang Zi Wen (蒋子文).
Volume Five of “Investigations into the Divine”(搜神记) says that Jiang Zi Wen (蒋子文), a native of Guang Ling (广陵), died for pursuing thieves. After Sun Quan of the Eastern Wu wielded power, Jiang Ziwen (蒋子文) presented his spirit on a road and said, "I should be the Earth Spirit of this place to benefit you people". Here to "benefit you people" means to bless the safety of houses, the birth of babies into families, and the thriving of the domestic animals on the native land and to being just. Often there is an antithetical couplet in the temples of the Earth Spirit in the south of China, which says, "the grandpa handles affairs fairly, while the grandma gives advice earnestly".
When Tu Di Gong (土地公) became known as "Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神)"
The title of "Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神)", only appear after Tang-Song Dynasty. Before that, usually people will only use Tu Di （土地） or Hou Tu （后土）. Chinese folks believe that it was given by Heaven to Zhang Fu De due to his loyalty and willingness to sacrify for his life to help the others.
Legend 1 of Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神)
Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神) was born in the Zhang family and his named Zhang Fu De (张福德) during Zhou emperor 2nd year, on 2nd day of the 2nd lunar month. He was very intelligent and filial since young. At age 36, he was working as a tax officer. He was an honest and honorable gentleman. He pities the poor suffering folks and always extends his helping hands without fail. He passed away at the age of 102, in the second generation of the Zhou dynasty. After 3 days of his passing, his face didn’t change. A poor neighbor used four piece of huge rock to enclose his dead body. Soon these rocks become flatten and completely cover his body. People see this as an act of deity and soon built a shrine for him. The villagers also didn’t forget all the good deeds that Fu De had done. With time, Fu De soon becomes known as Fu De Zheng Shen.
Legend 2 of Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神)
During the Zhou dynasty, A rich landlord, Master Shang (上大夫), was sent to a remote place to be a government official. As he did not come back for a long tim, his daughter set out to find him. She was accompanied by a faithful male servant, named Zhang Ming De (张明德). On their journey, they were surprised by a snowstorm. Zhang Ming De took off all his clothing to cover the young girl, thus saving her life but unfortunately, Zhang died as a result of it. Immediately after Zhang’s death, in the sky appeared six words “南天門大仙福德正神” (Great Immortal Of The Southern Door Of Heaven, the true Deity that brings Prosperity & Wealth). Master Shang was grateful to Zhang Ming De for saving his daughter life and built a shrine to honor him. Before the end of Zhou emperor era, it was known as Hou Tu but now better known as ‘Fu De Zheng Shen’.
Important Days of Praying To Tua Pek Kong (大伯公) - Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神)
- Birthday - 2nd Day of 2nd Chinese Lunar Month
- Day Of Gaining Tao - 15th Day of 8th Chinese Lunar Month (Chinese Lantern Festival)
- Zuo Ya (作牙) - 16th Day of 8th Lunar Month
*Zuo Ya (作牙) means every 2nd & 16th Day Of Every Chinese Lunar Month, the Chinese Bosses / Shop Owners etc will pray to the Local God Of Wealth - Referring to The Earth God.
《诸罗县志.卷之八》：「二月二日，街衢社里敛钱演戏，赛当境土神；盖仿古『春祈』之意。」 《诸罗县志.卷之八》：「中秋祀当境土神，与二月二日同，仿『秋报』也。四境歌吹相闻，谓之『社戏』。会饮赏月，制大饼以象之；士子朱书『元』字，用骰子掷四红夺饼，预取『秋闱夺魁』之兆。」 故所谓春祈秋报即与上述两日相同，现今之祭仪应为旧有社祭习俗之变。
Scripture Of Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神)
Related Sites & Articles:
- Earth God Of Wealth - Fu De Zheng Shen (福德正神)
- Chinese Gods Of Wealth